Glaucoma is not a singular eye disease. It is a term for several eye conditions that can damage your optic nerve. The optic nerve is the nerve that supplies visual information to your brain from your eyes. Glaucoma is usually (but not always) the result of abnormally high pressure inside your eye. As time goes on, the increased pressure can erode the optic nerve tissue. This may lead to vision loss or even blindness. If diagnosed in the early stages of the disease, treatment can be initiated and you may be able to prevent further damage.
To diagnose glaucoma, our ophthalmologists will perform a comprehensive eye examination. They will check for signs of deterioration, including loss of nerve tissue. They will also want to know if you have been experiencing any symptoms such as sudden vision disturbances or severe eye pain and if you have any personal or family history of glaucoma. A general health assessment will be done to determine if any other health conditions may be a contributing factor on your eye health, such as diabetes or high blood pressure. The goal of glaucoma treatment is to reduce intraocular pressure, to halt any additional eyesight loss.
Low Vision can be caused by eye diseases and eye injuries. Low vision can occur at any age, but most commonly in older patients. Normal ageing of the eye does not lead to low vision. Comprehensive Eye examinations are important to diagnose eye disease and to treat those conditions that can be helped; however for those that have low vision, vision rehabilitation and low vision aids can be extremely beneficial.